Vintage Heriz Handwoven Tribal Rug, J69172
Size: 7' 10" X 10' 10"
Pile Fiber: Wool
|7' 10" X 10' 10"
|8 X 10
|Nomadic Persian & Turkish
The rug being described here comes from the renowned Persian tradition of rug-making, specifically the Heriz style, which originated in the Heris village of northwestern Iran. It is a specimen from the 1920s, and like most Heriz rugs of that era, it was hand-woven using high-quality wool on cotton, ensuring its long-term durability.
This rug is a classic illustration of the bold, geometric, and vibrantly colored designs that the Heriz style is well-known for. Featuring an imposing medallion as its centerpiece, the rug has a richly patterned symmetrical design that is characteristic of Persian textile artworks. The medallion, set against a dark red or burgundy background, is ornate and comprises a myriad of colors that include blush pink, navy blue, white, and olive green tints.
The complexity of this Heriz rug's design is evident in its central field, where a variety of decorative elements have been arranged symmetrically, mirroring each side of the centerpiece. A series of intricate borders, which contain angular floral and foliate motifs, outlines the medallion. These delineating elements help augment the symmetrical flourishes of design that are a salient characteristic of its larger Persian heritage.
The rug also boasts a vast border that surrounds the central field. This border comprises several bands of varying width and color, and includes a primary border that mirrors the field's color palette with recurring patterns blending floral and geometric shapes. Flanking this primary border are narrower, secondary borders with more simplified designs that provide a contrast and frame the central composition.
Despite the vividness of the colors that the rug sports, there is a slightly faded quality to them, hinting towards its age and potential usage over the years. The palette consists of several shades of blue, varying from navy to lighter tones, cream and beige hues, coral, olive green, and dark red.
The Heriz rug design, which dates back to the late 19th century, represents a unique blend of rustic village craftsmanship and opulent Persian court aesthetics. An interesting facet of these rugs is their production pattern that has, over the years, been significantly influenced by the cold climate of the Heriz region. Being situated in the northwest of Iran, the region's brutally long winters make rug weaving an ideal indoor occupation.
The rugs not only exhibit exquisite craftsmanship but are also emblematic of a long tradition of cultural exchange. Over centuries, they have incorporated designs and weaving techniques from neighboring tribes including the Turks, Armenians, and Kurds. This unique amalgamation of influences is clearly visible in their distinctive angular designs, which differentiate Heriz rugs from other Persian archetypes.
Finally, their construction involves a technique that results in notably dense piles, a characteristic that underpins their long-lasting nature. In terms of color alignment, Heriz rugs traditionally employ a limited palette, rendering them easily compatible with a variety of home settings, particularly those featuring woodwork. Despite their popularity, the traditional techniques involved in their creation have been preserved over the centuries, which serves to maintain their authenticity and cultural significance even today.