Vintage Heriz Handwoven Tribal Rug, J69622
Size: 2' 10" X 4' 8"
Pile Fiber: Wool
|2' 10" X 4' 8"
|3 X 5
|Nomadic Persian & Turkish
The offered rug belongs to the Persian lineage, more specifically of the "Heriz" design type, known for its tribal style. Its dominant hue is red with a rust background that offers a rich visual depth to the dense pattern interwoven on its surface.
Taking a closer look, this wool on cotton rug - dated circa 1920 - is sized 2'10" X 4'8" and its design is a complex harmony of geometric motifs put together. These motifs chiefly revolve around an ornate medallion, stretching outwards to the rug's edges. This central medallion, consisting of floral-like motifs, geometric shapes, and an assortment of colors - including blues, greens, ivory, with pink and light blue accents, is one of characteristic features of many classic Oriental rugs.
The rug's main field is filled with repeated elements that compliment the designs within the medallion, establishing a visually balanced pattern. The intricacies are testament to the keen attention to detail involved in crafting this rug.
Notably, the rug is edged with a primary border and flanked by narrower secondary borders. This primary border is dark blue, decorated with interconnected floral motifs in red, green, and white, traced by vine-like lines. The secondary border is simpler, with petite scale motifs that augment the overall pattern.
This rug exemplifies the quintessential Heriz design, originating from Heris, a village nestled in Northwestern Iran. Heriz rugs are celebrated for their bold geometric designs, vibrant colors and exceptional durability, owing to their high-quality wool. The hallmark “diamond on a square” pattern bears historical roots dating back to the 19th century but its style can be traced back even further. It reflects the skillful adaptation of age-old carpet designs by Tabriz merchants.
Historically, the Heriz rug's design was influenced by the Mongols, who had invaded and settled in Northwestern Iran in the 13th century. The climatic conditions of the region, known for its cold winters, contribute to the fine quality wool that provides the primary material for these rugs.
Besides being aesthetically alluring, these rugs also tell a story of cultural exchange - bearing influences from neighboring Turkish, Armenian, and Kurdish tribes. This blend of influences is a major characteristic in the unique and bold designs of Heriz rugs, setting them apart from other Persian sized rugs.
Heriz rugs are known for their dense piles, augmenting their durability significantly. Their color palette is fairly limited, making them easily compatible with various home settings, especially ones with woodwork. Despite modern trends, traditional techniques of constructing these rugs have remained preserved over the centuries, thereby maintaining their authenticity and cultural significance.
Arguably, the Heriz design rug is not just a vintage rug but rather, a timeless specimen of rug-making craft that gracefully balances tradition with aesthetics.